Compression Garments

Ortho Dynamics Pedorthic Centre has a Certified Fitter on-site, with training and expertise in measuring and fitting Compression Garments.

A prescription is required for Compression Garments which have higher than 15mmHg compression level.

 



What are Compression Stockings ?


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Compression stockings and socks are specialized socks/hose designed to increase blood flow through the vascular system of lower limbs.  Their main therapeutic purpose is to provide graduated, controlled pressure – beginning at the ankle and gradually increasing throughout the length of the garment – to alleviate circulatory problems such as edemaphlebitis and thrombosis. Unlike traditional dress or athletic stockings and socks, compression stockings are specially knit to provide pressure on the legs, ankles and feet, preventing the back flow of blood.

By compressing the superficial veins at the surface along with arteries and muscles, the circulating blood is forced through narrower circulatory channels, causing more blood to return to the heart and less blood to pool in the feet.

 



Common Vascular Problems



Venous Insufficiency

  • Problems that occur because a valve is no longer closing properly.
  • Blood flows backwards into the vein, creating pressure on the valves below.
  • Compression stockings, when medically indicated, can relieve this pressure by applying a controlled amount of pressure at the ankle, helping the blood in the veins to flow back up in the right direction

DVT(Deep Vein Thrombosis)

In serious cases when blood cells stick near a valve, it is possible for a clot to form. The danger lies in that a part of the DVT can break loose and lodge in the lungs, also causing long term problems in the veins of the leg. Because slow-moving or pporly flowing blood is more likely to clot, some physicians may indicate compression therapy even in the event of a DVT.



Examples of Venous Disorders

  • Chronic Venous Insufficiency
  • Swelling
  • Varicose Veins

Causes of Venous Disorders

  • Heredity
  • Injury
  • Medical/Health Complications (E.g. Diabetes)
  • Surgery or post-operative Rehab

 

 


Pooling

Pooling can occur in a damaged vein, causing swelling and enlarged veins. In the superficial veins (closest to the surface), high pressure from back-up of blood flow can cause veins to enlarge and twist. At this point, the valves no longer close correctly.



The Importance of Circulation: Venous Return

 

Arteries carry blood from the heart to the body’s tissues

Veins return blood back to your heart.

  • Inside Veins, valves open to allow blood to flow back toward the heart, then close to prevent the blood from flowing backwards, towards your feet.
  • The Valves keep the flow of blood throughout the veins moving in one direction.

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